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Friday, February 15

The Weekly Shtikle - Tetzaveh

This week's shtikle is dedicated to my sister-in-law, Sara Yeres, and her chosson, Avi Lifshitz, who will be getting married this Monday in Eretz Yisroel, IY"H. Mazal Tov to the entire mishpacha and may they be zochim to build a Bayis Ne'eman b'Yisrael!


Another Kiddush Levanah Advisory: It has been brought to my attention by a very observant reader that there is a lunar eclipse expected this coming Wednesday evening. If my calculations are correct, according to the luach, the last time for Kiddush Levanah is (theoretically) just before 8 am EST on Thursday morning. However, as discussed in a previous article, according to Beis Yosef and Darchei Moshe (OC 426:3), Kiddush Levanah may not be recited after the sighting of a lunar eclipse since that signifies the exact midpoint of the moon's orbit around the earth. Since mid-eclipse is scheduled for approximately 10:26 pm EST, Kiddush Levanah should probably not be recited after that time.


    Much of this week's parsha deals with the vestments that the Kohein Gadol and regular Kohein wore when they performed the service. Although their wardrobe seems to be discussed in its entirety, there is no mention of any tzitzis. It isn't completely clear which of the vestments actually had four corners. According to the Rambam, it seems that at least the me'il, worn by the Kohein Gadol, had four corners. Why then is there no mention of the Kohein Gadol putting tzitzis on the me'il?

    The gemara (Erchin 3b) mentions a number of mitzvos that apply equally to Kohanim, Levi'im and Yisraeilim and discusses them in depth. One such mitzvah is tzitzis. The gemara, as it does in the other instances as well, questions that it is obvious that everyone is obligated in the mitzvah of tzitzis. Why would one even have thought that a Kohein or Levi would be excluded? The gemara answers based on the juxtaposition of the mitzvos of sha'ateneiz and tzitzis (Devarim 22). The vestments of the Kohanim are exempt from the prohibition of sha'atneiz, the combination of wool and linen as the linen belt is placed tightly over the woolen tunic. One might have thought that since they are exempt from sha'atneiz, they are exempt from tzitzis as well. The gemara, therefore, needs to confirm that they are not, for they are only exempt from sha'atneiz while they are performing the service in their garments but not otherwise. Beis Yitzchak comments on this gemara that it seems that nevertheless, since the Kohanim are, in fact, exempt from sha'atneiz while they are performing the service, they are also exempt from tzitzis while they are performing the service. This would explain why tzitzis were not placed on the me'il.

    The Minchas Chinuch (Mitzvah 99, Siman 4) discusses this issue and rejects the notion that the exemption from tzitzis has to do with being worn while performing the service. Rather, he contends that the reason why tzitzis were not placed on the me'il is because we are taught in the gemara (Chulin 136a) that there is only an obligation of tzitzis on a garment that belongs to you. A borrowed garment, for instance, is not obligated to have tzitzis. The vestments of the Kohein Gadol were "hekdeish," consecrated, and did not belong to the Kohein Gadol himself. Therefore, he was not obligated to put tzitzis on them.

Have a good Shabbos. Mishenichnas Adar Marbim beSimchah! (Application to Adar I subject to dispute)

Eliezer Bulka


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